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Where is Mount Everest?

Where is Mount Everest?

Located on the border between Nepal and Tibet, Mount Everest is the tallest mountain in the world. It is also called Chomolungma in Tibetan and Sagarmatha in Nepali. The mountain is 8848 meters tall. It is a popular tourist destination and attracts serious trekkers from all over the world each year. It has been a symbol of pride in Nepal for many years. The first successful ascent of the mountain was made in 1953 by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa. The mountain is now officially known as Mount Everest. 

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Location of Mount Everest

The mountain is located in the Sagarmatha National Park in the Solukhumbu district in Nepal. Everest base camp is the closest point to tourists. This is where the climbers and armatures stay before reaching the summit. The base camp is located near Kala Patthar hill. This hill provides a good view of Everest.

The mountain is a combination of multiple layers of rock that are folded back onto themselves. It is also racked by powerful winds. The winds can reach speeds of more than 80 kilometers per hour. The mountain is also buffeted by cold hurricane-force winds during the southwest monsoon. Despite this, the mountain continues to rise each year. The mountain is growing at a rate of 4mm per year due to shifting tectonic plates.

Topography of Everest

The mountain is composed of igneous rocks, metamorphic schists, and sedimentary rocks of marine origin. The lower elevations consist of gneisses and igneous granites. The higher elevations are made up of sedimentary rocks of marine origin. The lower parts of the mountain are covered with a layer of softer snow. The snow levels at the summit fluctuate by 5-20 feet each year. In May, the snow level is the lowest. After the monsoon, the snow level increases. The summit is a cold and hostile place with a high risk of frostbite. The mountain is not suitable for beginners as it is a difficult climb.

The most popular way to reach Everest Base Camp is by trekking. This route involves a long journey from Nepal. Since the country was not allowing foreigners to visit the country, the common local name for the mountain was not known.  

The mountain was first named Mount Qomolangma by the Qing Empire in 1719. It was also called Deodungha, or Holy Mountain, by Indians in the south of Nepal. The name Sagarmatha was given to the mountain by the Nepal government in the 1960s. The Nepali name for the mountain has many other variations, though. The mountain is also known as Chomolungma in Tibetan and Chajamlangma, or the Goddess of the Universe, in Nepali.

Climbing History

There have been numerous expeditions to Everest. The mountain has seen more than 250 deaths since the first successful ascent. The most successful ascent was made in 2003 by Lhakpa Gelu Sherpa. It took the pair 10 hours and 56 minutes to reach the summit. Many climbers have died in the Death Zone above Camp IV. Many of the bodies have never been found.

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